Added: Braheem Hollowell - Date: 29.12.2021 16:32 - Views: 15388 - Clicks: 2323
So ended the court appearance of the woman who kicked off the Salem witchcraft trials : Tituba, an enslaved woman who was the first to be accused of witchcraft in Salem. Even during the events of the s, which led to 20 deaths, legends and rumors were common.
Reverend Samuel Parris bought Tituba in Barbados, where she had been enslaved since her capture during childhood. He brought her to Massachusetts inwhen she was a teenager. At some point, she is thought to have married another enslaved man named John Indian, and she had a daughter, Violet. Tituba, the first woman to be accused of witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts. Illustrated by Alfred Fredericks for W. The girls had been playing a fortune-telling game that involved dropping an egg white into a glass of water.
Supposedly, the form the egg white took in the water could help predict whom the girls would marry and show the shapes of their future lives. After the girls saw a coffin in one of the glasses, they began barking like dogs, babbling and crying hysterically. Parris, who had already begun praying and fasting in an attempt to cure the girls of what he saw as possession, became incensed when he heard Tituba had fed them the cake. Tituba did confess—and embellished her confession with an embroidered tale of how she had been told to serve the devil.
She and the girls rode on sticks, she confessed, and a black dog told her to hurt the children.
This was enough to spark hysteria in Salem. Tituba was formally accused of witchcraft and two other women were accused and arrested along with her. New England witches were traditionally marginals: outliers and deviants, cantankerous scolds and choleric foot-stompers.
They were not people of color. Some accused witches were dunked in water to prove their guilt of practicing witchcraft during trial. However, it was all too easy to scapegoat people of color and marginal members of society.
Sarah Good, who was arrested along with Tituba, was a beggar who was looked down on by the town for her financial instability and her debts. All three women were perfect targets for accusations of deviant, even evil, behavior. The people of Salem associated supernatural practices like voodoo with people of color and Indians, and the townspeople identified Tituba as both. Her confession was enough to convince the town that true evil was afoot. As the trials spun further and further out of control, Tituba remained imprisoned in Boston.
Parris refused to pay her bail. Meanwhile, more and more indictments and arrests piled up as Salem gave into a town-wide panic. Later, Tituba recanted. She told the magistrate that she had made up everything after her master beat her in an attempt to force a confession.
By then, the trials had wound down and the governor of Massachusetts had ordered the arrests to stop. However, notes historian Veta Smith Tucker, Tituba—a enslaved woman with no property and no rights—was given nothing. She disappeared from the historical record from that point on. Since so little is known about Tituba, her story is easy to fictionalize. In the years after the trials, she became popular in literature and lore.
But in reality, she seems to have been a marginal figure whose low societal status put her in the perfect position to be accused of witchcraft in a town searching for answers. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault. I cannot see. Salem Witch Trials.Women who want a Salem inside
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3g. Witchcraft in Salem